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1. chinaXiv:201701.00227 [pdf]

Invariant modulation of IMF clock angle on the solar wind energy input into the magnetosphere

HAN JinPeng; LI Hui; Tang BinBin; WANG Chi
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

By use of the global PPMLR Magnetohydrodynamics(MHD) model, a serial of quasi-steady-state numerical simulations were conducted to examine the modulation property of the interplanetary magnetic field clock angle theta on the solar wind energy input into the magnetosphere. All the simulations can be divided into seven groups according to different criteria of solar wind conditions. For each group, 37 numerical examples are analyzed, with the clock angle varying from 0?to 360?with an interval of 10? keeping the other solar wind parameters(such as the solar wind number density, velocity, and the magnetic field magnitude) unchanged. As expected, the solar wind energy input into the magnetosphere is modulated by the IMF clock angle. The axisymmetrical bell-shaped curve peaks at the clock angle of 180? However, the modulation effect remains invariant with varying other solar wind conditions. The function form of such an invariant modulation is found to be sin(0/2)2.70 + 0.25.

submitted time 2017-01-22 Hits800Downloads371 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201612.00198 [pdf]

An improved method to derive to equivalent current systems from global MHD simulations

Zhang JiaoJiao; Wang Chi; Tang BinBin
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

Derivation of equivalent current systems (ECS) from a global magnetospheric magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) model is very useful in studying magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, ground induction effects, and space weather forecast. In this study we introduce an improved method to derive the ECS from a global MHD model, which takes account of the obliqueness of the magnetic field lines. By comparing the ECS derived from this improved method and the previous method, we find that the main characteristics of the ECS derived from the two methods are generally consistent with each other, but the eastward-westward component of the geomagnetic perturbation calculated from the ECS derived from the improved method is much stronger than that from the previous method. We then compare the geomagnetic perturbation as a function of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) clock angle calculated from the ECS derived from both methods with the observations. The comparison indicates that the improved method can improve the performance of the simulation. Furthermore, it is found that the incomplete counterbalance of the geomagnetic effect produced by the ionospheric poloidal current and field-aligned current (FAC) contributes to most of the eastward-westward component of geomagnetic perturbation.

submitted time 2016-12-26 Hits1360Downloads445 Comment 0

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