摘要：Two single-layer X/Ku dual-band dual-polarization reflectarray antennas of different sizes with double parallel dipole elements are presented. Elements of the two bands are set to two orthogonal linear polarizations and placed in interlaced grid. The proposed reflectarrays operate in two frequency-bands within X-band centered at 10 GHz and Ku-band centered at 13.58 GHz. The smaller size reflectarray with elements arranged in a 13 �13 grid for X-band and in a 12 �12 grid for Ku-band is designed and simulated first. Based on the excellent dual-band performance of the small size reflectarray, then a larger size prototype has been designed, manufactured and measured. Measured results demonstrate the maximum gain of 28.54 dB with 50.93% aperture efficiency at 10 GHz and 31.06 dB with 51.34% aperture efficiency at 13.58 GHz, which show desirable dual-band dual-polarization radiation performance.
摘要：Brightness temperature change of observation target in one imaging period will introduce image blur to the retrieved image of geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS), which uses rotating circular array to realize time-sharing sampling other than snap-shot to reduce system complexity but meanwhile resulting in a relatively long imaging period. In this paper, an interpolation method utilizing time sequence of visibilities collected by time-sharing sampling is presented. The method is verified through a simulation system that simulates GIMS's observation process in viewing a series of near real case brightness temperature maps modeled by FNL/WRF/RTTOV method. Results show that the interpolation method can de-blur the image and reduce imaging error to the degree of snap-shot imaging. �2016 IEEE.
摘要：In this paper, a novel X-band broadband single-layer unit cell with attached phase-delay lines for reflectarray antennas is proposed to surmount the limitation of the reflectarray bandwidth. The unit cell is composed of three circular rings, each with a pair of gaps which are mutually placed orthogonally, and two identical circular phase-delay lines are attached to the outer ring to provide the required reflection phase. After the simulation for the unit cell carried out, a large reflecting phase range of about 600�and almost linear phase curve are achieved at the center frequency of 10 GHz. Parallel phase curves of different frequencies ranging from 9 GHz to 12 GHz are also obtained. To validate the broadband performance of the proposed unit cell, a 9 �9 center-fed reflectarray antenna operating at X band is designed and simulated. Simulation results show that the designed antenna has 34% 1-dB gain bandwidth, which demonstrates that an obvious improvement on the bandwidth has been achieved compared to the previous works. Besides, the cross-polarization level is decreased to -40 dB by a mirror symmetric element arrangement.
摘要：A broadband center-fed reflectarray antenna is presented in this paper. Patch with slot ring on ground plane elements are used for bandwidth improvement. It is shown that quasi-linear phase responses with broad frequency band can be achieved by such a phasing element. An 11�1 elements reflectarray is designed and simulated. The results show that the simulated gain is 23.92 dB at the center frequency of 13.58 GHz with 3-dB bandwidth of 52%, which demonstrate significant broadband operation compared with that of conventional reflectarray.
摘要：Dual-Frequency Polarized Scatterometer (DFPSCAT) is a new system utilizing Doppler beam sharpening (DBS) technology for azimuthal resolution enhancement. Considering the DBS technology is inapplicable for the middle areas of the swath, a theoretical framework of deconvolution signal processing is proposed to improve resolution. A deconvolution method of the nonlocally centralized sparse representation (NCSR) is adopted to verify its feasibility, and simulation results show that the deconvolution method have obviously better resolution enhancement and higher recovery accuracy than these of the classical scatterometer image reconstruction (SIR) method. �2016 IEEE.
摘要：The inter-element phase calibration plays an important role in the overall calibration scheme for synthetic aperture radiometer. The traditional relative phase calibration approach is to use correlated noise injection network, which will be difficult to be implemented in millimeter wave band due to the complexity of the waveguide divider network. A novel self-calibration method for interferometric radiometers with rotating thinned array, especially for the geostationary interferometric microwave sounder(GIMS), has been proposed in this paper. By using this approach, neither dedicated hardware nor dedicated calibration working model is needed to achieved the relative phase calibration. The self-calibration approach is inherently merged with the nominal observation working model of GIMS, thanks to the continuous array rotating of GIMS instrument. A running average scheme has been introduced into the self-calibration approach to enhance the SNR of the calibration data, which is normally very low with the natural earth scene. The method is demonstrated by both simulation and field imaging experiment. �2016 IEEE.
摘要：In this paper, an SMMW interferometric radiometer concept is demonstrated by a two-element interferometer with dedicated high accuracy SMMW devices. Point-source calibration method is introduced in order to reduce instrument errors. Interference fringes and point target images are presented by this SMMW interferometer. The linear phase error of the interference fringes is less than 2�and the angular resolution is better than 0.57� The measured performance characteristics of the two-element interferometer are consistent with the theoretical analysis. This interferometer demonstrates a new method for passive SMMW remote sensing. �2016, Science Press. All right reserved.
摘要：An one-dimensional variational retrieval system was developed to retrieve the clear sky atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles over land using the measurements of microwave humidity-temperature sounder (MWHTS) on Chinese FY-3C satellite. The system parameters are configured by analyzing the MWHTS channel properties and the climate condition over land. The retrieval results are evaluated by root mean square error (rmse) with respect to European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis data. The validated results show that the maximum root mean square error of temperature and humidity are 2.59K and 11.87%, respectively. The retrieval results, compared with National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) 6 hour forecast profiles, show that the background profiles can affect the accuracy of retrieval profiles and FY-3C/MWHTS measurements can improve forecast precision of humidity. �2016 IEEE.
摘要：In computer vision, optical camera is often used as the eyes of computer. If we replace camera with synthetic aperture radar (SAR), we will then enter a microwave vision of the world. This paper gives a comparison of SAR imaging and camera imaging from the viewpoint of epipolar geometry. The imaging model and epipolar geometry of the two sensors are analyzed in detail. Their difference is illustrated, and their unification is particularly demonstrated. We hope these may benefit researchers in field of computer vision or SAR image processing to construct a computer SAR vision, which is dedicated to compensate and improve human vision by electromagnetically perceiving and understanding the images.
摘要：Huynen decomposition (HD) as the first formalized target decomposition has not been widely accepted. The preference for symmetry and regularity restricts not only its application but also its unification with other target dichotomies. The nonuniqueness issue then arises because we may have different dichotomies of radar targets, but we have no idea on how to select them. In this paper, a unified Huynen dichotomy is developed by extending HD for a full preference for symmetry and regularity, nonsymmetry, irregularity, and their couplings. It covers all of the existing dichotomies and provides a unified selection mechanism for them. Scattering preference is identified as a main feature of target dichotomy, and its concise description is devised by relating each dichotomy to a canonical scattering. A scattering degree of preference (SDoP) parameter is defined to measure the preference of each dichotomy. In virtue of an adaptive combination and permutation of SDoPs, a scattering pyramid description of the mixed scattering is developed, which has better discrimination of target than entropy/alpha. An SDoP/alpha classification is further proposed by statistical modeling of the unified dichotomy, which is a competent alternative to entropy/alpha. The excellent performance of unified dichotomy makes us believe that the existing concerns on HD are well treated and the Huynen-Cloude controversy, in a sense, may be ended. �2015 IEEE.